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American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)


Throughout Eastern USA, commercial concentration is in the Central and Middle Atlantic States.

General Description

The sapwood of American beech is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. American beech tends to be slightly darker and less consistent than European beech. The wood is generally straight grained with a close uniform texture.

Hardwoodstats Beech

Working Properties

American beech works readily with most hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained and polished to a good finish. The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. It is subject to a large shrinkage and moderate movement in performance.

Physical Properties

American beech wood is classed as heavy, hard, strong, high in resistance to shock and highly suitable for steam bending.

  • Specific Gravity: 0.64 (12% M.C.)
  • Average Weight: 721 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
  • Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 13.0% (Green to 6% M.C.)
  • Modulus of Elasticity: 11,859 MPa
  • Hardness: 5782 N


Rated as non-resistant to heartwood decay, and liable to attack by common furniture beetle and longhorn beetle, but permeable for preservation.


USA: Mostly limited to lower grades.

Export: Very limited, due to low demand and wide availability of European beech.

Main Uses

Furniture, doors, flooring, internal joinery, panelling, brush handles and turning. It is particularly suitable for food containers as there is no odour or taste.